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HOW DOES A TASER
Upon firing, compressed nitrogen projects two TASER probes 15 feet at
a speed of 135 feet per second. An electrical signal transmits throughout the
region where the probes make contact with the body or clothing. The result is
an instant loss of the attacker's neuromuscular control and any ability to perform
coordinated action. TASER uses an automatic timing mechanism to apply
the electric charge.
The TASER releases an
electric current in a preset time sequence
(an initial seven seconds followed by
several 1.8 second breaks for a total time
30 seconds in each cycle). This cycle
ensures that the nervous system of the
not recover instantly to allow him to
remove the probes. The follow-on bursts
the process of re-equilibration of the
nervous system. While the target is disabled,
the user can place the device on the
ground and escape.
HOW CAN THE TASER
BE SO EFFECTIVE YET NON-INJURIOUS?
The TASER does not depend upon
impact or body penetration to achieve its
effect. Its pulsating electrical output
interferes with communication between the
brain and the muscular system, resulting
in loss of control. However, the
TASER is nondestructive to nerves, muscles
and other body elements. It simply affects
them in their natural mode. More importantly,
no deaths have ever been directly attributed
to the TASER .
WHAT HAS TESTING REVEALED
REGARDING THE TASER? Anesthesiologist
and specialist in medical electronics,
Dr. Frank Summers, MD of St. Joseph's
Hospital, Orange, California, directed
tests of volunteers at St. Joseph's in
1971 and 1974. Dr. Summers stated, "...We
undertook this [volunteer test] in the
operating rooms at St. Joseph's Hospital.
We had an assembly of cardiovascular
surgeons, cardiologists... we had a real
[TASER]. We tested extensively and made
movies. The tests were impressive. We
monitored all parameters of physiology,
including electrocardiographs. The tests
did not produce any lethal effects and
we found that the background work that
had been done did indeed pan out in practice."
DOES THE TASER AFFECT
THE HEART OR A CARDIAC PACEMAKER?
The TASER's output is well below
the level established as "safe" by the
federal government in approving such devices
as the electrified cattle fence. In a medical
study of the Model XR 5000 electronic
stun gun, Dr. Robert Stratbucker of the
University of Nebraska Medical Center confirmed
that the T-Wave does not interrupt the
heartbeat or damage a pacemaker. Any modern
pacemaker is designed to withstand electrical
defibrillator pulses that are hundreds
of times stronger than the TASER's
output. The TASER current of 0.3
joules is well below the 10-50 joule threshold
above which cardiac ventricular fibrillation
ISN'T HIGH VOLTAGE LETHAL?
High voltage, in itself, is not dangerous.
One can receive a 25,000-volt shock of
static electricity from a doorknob on
a dry day without harm. The physiological
effect of electrical shock is determined
by: the current, its duration, and the
power source that produces the shock.
The typical household current of 110
volts is dangerous because it can pump
many amperes of current throughout the
body indefinitely. By contrast, the
TASER power supply consists of 8 AA batteries
that are capable of supplying less than
three watts of electrical power for a
WILL THE TASER CAUSE ELECTROCUTION?
No. The output is metered by the electronics
and the electrical energy in each pulse
is always the same, regardless of the
target condition. The electrical output
will not be transferred from one person
to another even if they touch.
TASER, Inc.'s president has been stunned
by an TASER while standing in
water to emphasize this point.
WHAT ARE THE AFTER EFFECTS?
A person hit with an TASER will
feel dazed for several minutes. The pulsating
electrical output causes involuntary
muscle contractions and a resulting sense
of vertigo. It can momentarily stun or
render an attacker unconscious. Yet,
the TASER's low electrical amperage
and short duration of pulsating current,
ensures a non-lethal charge. Moreover,
it does not cause permanent damage or
long-term aftereffects to muscles, nerves
or other body functions. A January 1987
Annals of Emergency Medicine study reported
TASER technology leaves no long term
injuries compared with 50% long term
injuries for gun shot injuries.
MUST THE PROBES PENETRATE
THE BODY TO BE EFFECTIVE?
No. The electrical current will "jump" up
to two inches as long as both probes are
attached to clothing or skin. At most,
only the 3/8-inch needlepoint will penetrate
the skin. They have less energy than a
spring propelled BB.
WHAT IF THE PROBES MISS?
The TASER can be used in a touch-stun
mode. The user is thus provided with
a final backup if the probes miss the
target. Should the user miss or engage
a second attacker, he can touch the unit
directly to the target and it will work
like a powerful touch-stun device.
WHAT IS THE BEST-SHOT
AT MAXIMUM RANGE?
As long as the spread of the probes is
at least six inches, the TASER
will be extremely effective. To ensure
that the spread is greater than six inches,
the TASER should be fired at a
target several feet away. The optimum shot
is from seven to ten feet away form the
target to achieve maximum effect. At seven
to ten feet away - the spread of the probes
will be approximately 16 inches, ensuring
that the target receives the most efficient
DOES TEMPERATURE HAVE
A DETRIMENTAL EFFECT ON THE
TASER? No. The TASER utilizes
compressed nitrogen (an inert gas). The
TASER compressed air capsules
have successfully held their charges
at temperatures of minus 20‘ F and up
to 160‘ F. Moreover, altitude will not
adversely effect the firing of an
TASER. In addition, the temperature will
not effect the T-Wave. However, as with
any product containing polycarbonates
and other thermoplastics, the
TASER and Air Cartridges should never
be left in direct sunlight.
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